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Why Do You Think Chamberlain Was So Excited After The Munich Agreement

The Munich quotation in foreign policy debates is also common in the 21st century. [107] During negotiations on the Iran nuclear deal by Secretary of State John Kerry, a Republican representative from Texas called the negotiations “worse than Munich.” In a speech in France, Kerry himself referred to Munich for military action in Syria: “This is our munich moment.” [108] After the war, Hitler`s warrant officer, Fritz Wiedemann, recalled that he was “very shocked” by Hitler`s new plans to attack Britain and France three to four years after the agreement with the situation in Czechoslovakia. [21] General Ludwig Beck, Chief of the German Staff, noted that Hitler`s change in attitude in favour of rapid action was still the Czechoslovakian defence, which was no longer the case two to three years later and that British rearmament would not come into force until 1941 or 1942. [18] General Alfred Jodl noted in his diary that the partially Czechoslovakian mobilization of 21 May had led Hitler to adopt a new order for Operation Green on 30 May and that he was accompanied by a letter from William Keitel telling him that the plan should be implemented by 1 October. [22] After his success in trapping Austria in Germany in March 1938, Adolf Hitler looked eagerly at Czechoslovakia, where about three million people were of German descent in the Sudetenland. In April, he discussed with Wilhelm Keitel, head of the high command of the Bundeswehr, the political and military aspects of Case Green, the code name for the Sudetenland acquisition project. A surprising rush of “clear skies without any cause or justification” was rejected, as the result would have been “a hostile opinion of the world that could lead to a critical situation”. Decisive action would therefore take place only after a period of political turmoil on the part of the Germans within Czechoslovakia, accompanied by diplomatic quarrels which, if they became more serious, would be either an apology for the war or grounds for a blitz after an “incident” of German creation. In addition, disruptive political activities had been under way in Czechoslovakia since October 1933, when Konrad Henlein founded the German Sudetenland Internal Front. In 1933, the head of the German government Konrad Henlein founded the German Sudetenland Party (SdP), which was “militant, populist and openly hostile” to the Czechoslovakian government and soon won two-thirds of the vote in districts with a large German population. Historians disagree on whether the SDP was a Nazi front organization from the beginning or whether it had forged a front-line organization.

[10] In 1935, the SdP was the second political party in Czechoslovakia, as German votes were concentrated on the party and czech and Slovak voices were divided among several parties. [9] Shortly after Austria`s accession to Germany, Henlein met Hitler in Berlin on 28 March 1938 and was ordered to make unacceptable demands for the Czechoslovakian democratic government led by President Edvard Bené. On 24 April, the SdP launched a series of demands on the Czechoslovakian government, known as the Karlovy Vary programme. [11] Henlein asked for things like autonomy for Germans living in Czechoslovakia. [9] The Czechoslovakian government replied that it was prepared to grant more minority rights to the German minority, but that it was initially reluctant to grant autonomy. [9] In May 1938, the SDP won 88% of the vote. [12] Shortly after Munich, 115,000 Czechs and 30,000 Germans fled into the hull of Czechoslovakia. [Citation required] According to the Institute for Refugee Assistance, the actual number of refugees was nearly 150,000 on 1 March 1939. [88] When Chamberlain returned from Munich, he told an excited crowd at Heston airport: “It is peace for our time” and signalled the agreement he had signed with Hitler.