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Is Mexico Part Of The Paris Agreement

Since 2013, Mexico has continued to report its historic emissions at a higher level than the already high emissions forecasts under the NDC baseline, which was introduced in 2016. We estimate that Mexico`s emissions based on the projected decline in GDP due to COVID-19 in 2020 will be 13% – 14% lower than before the pandemic. This reduction in emissions cannot be considered sustainable if the government does not implement sustainable measures to encourage the structural changes needed to transition to a low-carbon economy as part of the country`s COVID-19 stimulus package. The language of the agreement was negotiated by representatives of 197 parties at the 21st UNFCCC Conference of the Parties in Paris and agreed on 12 December 2015. [2] [3] The agreement was signed at UN Headquarters in New York from 22 April 2016 to 21 April 2017 by states and regional economic integration organisations parties to the UNFCCC (convention). [4] The agreement stated that it would only enter into force if 55 countries that produce at least 55% of global greenhouse gas emissions (according to a list drawn up in 2015)[5] ratify, accept, approve or adhere to the agreement. [6] On April 1, 2016, the United States and China, which together account for nearly 40% of global emissions, issued a joint statement confirming that the two countries would sign the Paris Climate Agreement. [9] 175 contracting parties (174 states and the European Union) signed the agreement on the first day of its signing. [10] [11] On the same day, more than 20 countries announced plans to join the accession as soon as possible in 2016. The ratification by the European Union has achieved a sufficient number of contracting parties to enter into force on 4 November 2016. What does this mean for Mexico? By ratifying the agreement, the Mexican government has officially committed to meeting the climate targets proposed last March, in the run-up to the December 2015 COP in Paris.

Indeed, the “determined national contribution” (or INDC) that the government had presented is no longer “intentional” but is now a formal objective and the country (like all those who ratify the Paris Agreement) must comply.